*Madhumita Das

ivvahs<Skar>[1]

s<Skar zBdSyawR>

s<iSyt #it s<Skar>, 'sm!' %psgpUvRk 'k|!' xatae> '"|!' Tyyen @v< "s<pir_ya< kraetaE -U;[e"[2] #it sUe -U;[aweR 'suq!' Tyye "s<Skar" zBd> in:p*te, "Vygu[s<Skare;u badir>" #it mhi;R jEimin[ItSy sUSy VyaOyavsre -a:ye Izbrpadmha-agen s<SkarzBdSy pir-a;a dIyte, ywa

"s<Skarae nam s -vit yiSmate pdawaeR -vit yaeGy> kSyicdwRSy"#it,

tNvaitRkkar> kumarI-padae=Pyah

"yaeGyta< cadxana> iya> s<Skara #TyuCyNte" #it,

twa c mIma<ska "y}a-UtpuraefazadeivRixvCDuaE" #it ma[anusar< s<SkarzBdSy zui(wRta< v[RyiNt,[3] AEtvedaiNtnae jIve iv*manana< zarIirkiya[a< imWyaraepmev s<Skar< mNyNte, nEyaiyka -avVyIkr[awRmaTmVyika< zimev s<Skar< mNyNte, yTpirg[n< vEzei;kdzRne ctuivR<zitgu[anamNtgRt< ktmaSte, kaizkav&ynusare[ "%Tk;Raxan< s<Skar>"#it tIyte, s<SkarkazNwanuusar< " AaTmzrIraNytrin:Qae ivihtiyajNyae=itzyivze;> s<Skar>" #it }ayte , AcayRcrkSy mte "s<Skarae ih gu[aNtraxanm!"[4] #it %Cyte",

s<SktsaihTye s<SkarzBdSy yaeg> iz]as<Skitiz][saEjNypU[Rta Vyakr[zuiϣs<Skr[pir:kr[zae-a-U;[-avSvpSv-aviyaDayaSmr[zi Smr[zaEsmagt-avzuiiyaxaimRkivixivxanai-;ekivcar-avanaxar[a kayRpir[am iya ivze;ta*weR;u ktae vtRte,

iz]as<Skitiz][ps<Skar> r"uv<ze aPyte, ywa

"insgRs<SkarivnIt #TysaE n&pe[ ce yuvrajzBd-ak!", #it./[5] @v< mhakiv kaildas> saEjNypU[RtaVyakr[zuips<Skar< kumarsM-ve vaexyit, ywa

"s<SkarvTyev igra mnI;I tya s pUt iv-Ui;t"[6], #it.

s<Skr[pir:kr[p> s<Skar> #it c r"uv<ze vaexyit kaildas>, ywa

"yus<Skar #vaixk< b-aE"[7], #it.

twa zae-a-U;[p s<Skarae=ip zakuNtle aPyte, ywa

"Sv-avsuNdr< vStu n s<Skarmpe]t"[8], #it.

-avSvpSv-aviyaDayap> s<Skar #it ihtaepdeze aPyte, ywa

"yve -ajne lGn> s<Skarae naNywa -vet!" [9], #it.

Smr[zaEsmagt-avp> s<Skar> #it tkRs'!he inPyte, ywa

"s<SkarjNy< }an< Sm&it>"[10], #it.

zuiiyaxaimRkivixivxanp> s<Skar> mnuSm&taE aPyte, ywa

"kayR> zrIrs<Skar> pavn> eTy ceh c"[11], #it.

Ai-;ekivcar-avanaxar[akayRpir[amiyaivze;tap> s<Skar> r"uv<ze sUict>, ywa

")lanumeya> arM-a> s<Skara> ana #v"[12], #it.

ASmak< AacarVyvharaid;u ;aefzs<Skara> axanm! Swanm! Al<kuvRiNt, taip ivvah s<Skar> Aitis> svERrip smadr[Iy iv*te #Ty naiSt s<zylez>, @n< ivvahs<SkarmixkTy acInE> \i;i-> bhu bhu ivcayR inymdzRn pUvRk< ivveictm! AiSt bhu;u Sm&it;u,

Ay< ivvahs<Skar> sveR_yae=ixk> is> @v< AitmhvpU[R> caiSt, s<Skare[ gahRSWyjIvn< pirpaLyte, xaimRkcetnaya> ivkasawR< TyekVyKte> ivvahae=invayaeR -vit,

ivvahadev sTs&i:q> sTs&:q(Ev jgTym!,

ctuvRgR)lavaiPtStSmaTpir[y> zu->.

#it A AnusNxeym!, "@kae=h< bhu Syam!" #it kamnabIjen s<s&:qey< s&i:q> Ipu;yaerekTvenEv vtRte, ytae ih mUl< kar[< s&:q(a $rSy bhuTvkamna iv*te, At @v tSyEva<z-Ut> sae=y< va jIvae ivvahmaXymen iyaimmamesaryit, Ipu;yaerNyaeNypUrkTven iy> pu;Sy, pu;Sy iy> kmna svRwa Sva-aivkI kitda c iv*te, prSpr< sahaYyenEv pu;awRctu:qyana< isi-Rvit, At @vaem! "ivvahadev sTs&i:qirit",

ivvahen dev \[ad! y}anu:QanE>, ipt&\[at! sNtiti-muRi> aPyte, iptrSt&Pta -viNt, inTynEimiky}anu:QanE> devaSt&PyNte, Aw c sMpU[R< -Ut< sveR cama g&hSwaita -viNt, % mnuSm&taE

ywa vayu< smaiTy vtRNte svRjNtv>,

twa g&hSwmaiTy vtRNte svR Aama>. #it.[13]

pu;awRya[a< isirip ivvah< ivna n sM-aVyt #Tyum!

"pTnI xmaRwRkamana< kar[< vr< Sm&tm!", #it.[14]

\Gvedanusar< sUyaRya ivvahStda=-vd! yda kNya pit< kamymana AasIt!, ivvahiv;ye janNTyev kNya pit< kamyte, sa c \tumtI -vit, yt> \tudzRnanNtrmev kampUtRye pitkamna jayte, At @v \tudzRnat! pUvRmut va ttae v;Rya_yNtrmev ivvahSy kalae inxaRyRte, vr wmayu;ae -ag< gukule=xITy AwaRt! piv<zitv;IRyae g&hSwam< ve:qukam> Syat!, #d< inxaRr[< SvaSWyiv}ansMmt< ivvahay c svaeRm< iv*te,

vEidkyugInivvahsNd-ER> Sp:q< tIyte yd! yuv-UtyaevRxUvryaeivRvah> smp*t, ramay[ mha-arte c vi[Rta ivvaha> suvySkana< vxUvra[amev Zyte, tavxairt< vy> pits<yaegsul-imit ivzei;t< ramay[e,[15] prvitRyuge ivvahavSwa lXvIktaip kNyaya jnnyaeGytampe]te,[16] daMpTyxmaeRicta kNya ipt&g&he ma vsiTvit prvitRtxmRzaSkara[a< aEFvad>,[17] prt> Sm&itkara dzv;aRNNyUnEv kNya pir[eyeit itpaidtvNt>,

ywa AlbnI iloit adz+I:qztaBde a[kNyaivvahae ay> adze v;eR=-Ut!, znE> znEivRvahavSwa NyUntra s<jata, dzv;aR_yixka kNya ipt&g&he=pvadenEvaevas, mature=ip kNya mXyyuge KvicdUFasIt!,

Aaxuinkyuge ivze;t> SvatNye sMaPte kNyana< ivvahavSwa vxRmanEv iv<zitv;R yavd! vtRte, kNyana< iz]aVyvSwaEicTyen tasa< vEvaihkavSwamyaRdavZyktanusare[ Svt @v smvxRt, twaip gahRSWySy sud&F -Uimkami-ly kNyaivvahSy dI"RivlMbn< n smwRnIym!,

n kevl< -arte=iptu yaerpIydeze:vip mXyyuge kNyaivvahavSwa dz va adz va v;R yavdasIt!, ae Alqekr> sUcyit

In the age of chivalry girls were often married at the age of 5, simple because marriage was a matter of military tactics and territorial alliances.[18]

xmRzae;u ivStare[ vrvXvaeyaeRGytaivcar> ktae iv*te, vrae carI ivan! kulzIlsMpetVy>, kNyaya> svRt> saENdyR< kul< zIl prI][Iyimit, ywa mnu>

AVyaI< saEMynaMnI< h<svar[gaimnIm!,

tnulaemkezvdna< m&ּImuhet! iym!, #it.[19]

ivze;tae vrSy ivv< paE;> kulmacar> kNyaya p< SyuictsaEMyl][< jnn]mtazIl prIyte,

dezkalpirSwTynusar< smye smye ivvahSyaneke kara> cilta>, xmRzae;u azSTyaazSTyivcarpurSsrm! A:qaE kara> smud!x&ta>, xmRzaNew;u ivvahSyeme=:qaE -eda>

aae dEvStwa ca;R> ajapTyStwasur>,

gaNxvaeR ra]sEv pEzaca:qmae=xm>. #it.[20]

A:q ivvahe;uu aaidctu:qy< zSta> Aasuraidctu:qy< tu AzSta #it mNyte, A A:qivvahana< l][< )l< c mnuSm&Tynusar< v{yRte,

a ivvah> AaCDa* ccRiyTva c uitzIlvte Svym!,

AahUy dan< kNyaya aae xmR> kIitRt>. #it.[21]

AaCDadnmaSyEvaEicTysMaPtTvaTsivze;vassa kNyavraE AaCDa* Al<karaidna c pUjiyTva iv*acarvNtmawRkvrmanIy tSmE kNyadan< aae ivvahae mNvaidi->,

)lm!

dz pUvaRNpraNv<ZyanaTman< cEkiv<zkm!,

aIpu> suktkNmaecyedens> ipt&n!. #it.[22]

dz pUvaRiNpadINv<Zyan! praNpuadINdz, AaTman< cEkiv<zk< aivvahpuae yid suktkvit tda papaNmaecyit ipadIn! nrkadurit puady tSy kule in:papa jayNt #it maecnawR> te;amnuTpe> papXv<sSyazKyTvat!,

dEv ivvah>

y}e tu ivtte sMyug&iTvje kmR kuvRte,

Al<kTy sutadan< dEv xmR< c]te. #it.[23]

Jyaeit:qaemaidy}e arBxe ywaivix \iTvje kmRkeR Al<k&Ty kNyadan< dEv< ivvah< munyae uvte,

)lm! dEvaeFaj> sutEv s s pravran!,

Aa;aeRFaj> sutSI<IN;q! ;q! kayaeFj> sut>, #it.[24]

dEvivvahaeFaya> pua> s pran! ipadIn! savraNpuadI< papat! %riNt #it SmyRte,

Aa;R ivvah>

@k< gaeimwun< e va vradaday xmRt>,

kNyadan< ivixvda;aeR xmR> s %Cyte, #it.[25]

SIgvI pu<gaE gaeimwun< tdek< e va vramRtae xmaRwR yagaidisye kNyayE va dat<u ntu zuLkbu(a g&hITva y*wazaS< kNyadan< s Aa;aeR ivvah> #it Ai-xIyte,

)lm! dEvaeFaj> sutEv s s pravran!,

Aa;aeRFaj> sutSI<SIN;q! ;q! kyaeFj> sut>, #it.[26]

Aa;aRivvahaeFaya> puSIiNpadI<SI puadIn! papat! maecyit,

ajapTy ivvah>

shae-aE crta< xmRimit vacanu-a:y c,

kNyadanm_yCyR ajapTyae ivix> Sm&t>. #it.[27]

sh yuva< xmR< kutimit sutadankale vcsa pUvR< inyMyacRiyTva yTkNyadan< s ajapTyae ivvah> #it Sm&t>,

)lm!

ajapTyivvahaeFaya> pu> ;q! ipadIn! ;q! puadIn! cEnsae maecytIit pUvRSyev AnusNxey>,

Aasurae ivvah>

}ait_yae crta< xmRimit vacanu-a:y c,

kNyadan< SvaCDN*adasurae xmR %Cyte. #it.[28]

}ait_yae iv[< dva kNyayE yt! ywazi xn< dva kNyaya Adanmadan< SvIkar> SvaCDN*aTSveCDya n Tva;aR #v zaSIyxnjaitpirma[inymen s Aasurae ivvah> #it %Cyte,

gaNxvR ivvah>

#CDyaNyaeNys<yaeg> kNyaya vrSy c,

gaNxvR> s tu iv}eyae mEwuNy> kams<-v>, #it.[29]

kNyaya vrSy caNyaeNyanurage[ y> prSprs<yaeg Aailnaidp> s gaNxvaeR ivvah> #it }atVym!,

ra]s ivvah>

hTva iDva c i-va c aezaNtI< dtI< g&hat!,

s kNyahr[< ra]sae ivixCyte. #it.[30]

s blaTkare[ kNyaya hr[< ra]sae ivvah #Tyev l][m!,

pEzacivvah>

sua< ma< ma< va< rhea yaepgCDit,

s paip:Qae ivvahana< pEzaca:qmae=xm>.[31]

inai--Uta< m*mdivla< zIls<r][en rihta ivjndeze yivvahe mEwunxmeR[ vtRte s paphetuivRvahana< mXye=xm> pEzac> Oyat> Sm&it;u,

%ps<har>

ivvah> mnu:yjIvne @k< mhan< samaijk< pirvRn< s&jit, vEidkkaladar_yaxuinkkal< yavd! ivvahSy e:Qta vrIviR, kar[mpTnIk> pu;ae=}Iy #it %Cyte, Anen s<Skare[ mnu:y> g&hSwam< ivZyit, Ay< s<Skar> xmRAwRkama< In! pu;awaRn! saxyit, ivvahSyawaeR -vit vRn< yaeg< h[< xar[< c, ivvahe parSpirkaTmsmpR[Sy -avna inihta -vit, @v< c zaSIy< mhv<, daMpTyjIvnSy dEihk< twa maniskmekIkr[<, mXymmagaRnusr[<, samaijkpirvRn< c ivvahivxe> muoicain -viNt,

 

 

NwsUcI

1 ya}vLKySm&it>, fa~.%mezcN pa{fey, caEomba iv*a-vn, var[asI, 2003,

2 Jyaeit;tvkaz, p<.lmIkaNt kNyal, maeitlal bnarsIdas, 1990,

3 ihNdUs<Skar, fa~.rajblI pa{fey, caEomba iv*a-vn, var[asI, 1985,

4 mnuSm&it>, fa~. Gaepal zaI nene, kazI s<Skt sIrIj, bnars, 1970

5 s<Skarivix> SvamI dyanNd srSvtI, vEidk yNaly, Ajmer

6 AadzSm&it, p<.imihr cN, nag kazk, 1990,

7 g&hkmR @v< s<Skar, fa~.bldev is<h mehra, Ai-;ek kazn, 2003,

8 ivvahs<Skar, fa~.ptil im, sMpU[aRnNd s<Sktiviv*aly>, vara[sI, 2001.

9 vIrimaedy s<Skarkaz, imim, caEoMba s<Skt sIrIj, bnars,

* Madhumita Das

C/O- Dr. K.E.Dharaneedharan

Dept. of Sanskrit

Pondicherry University

Pondicherry 605014

Email das.sanskritmadhu@gmail.com

Mobile- 09894795006



[1] Madhumita Das, Research Scholar, Dept of Sanskrit, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry - 14. Email-namijhumi@gmail.com, Mobile - 09894795006

[2] pai[nI 6/1/137

[3] vacSpTye, 5,p&. 5188

[4] crks<ihta, ivman. 1/27

[5] r"uv<zm!, 3/35

[6] kumarsM-vm!, 1/28

[7] r"uv<zm!, 3/18

[8] zakuNtlm!, 7/33

[9] ihtaepdez>, 1/8

[10] tkRs<h>

[11] mnu.Sm&., 2/26

[12] r"uv<zm!, 1/20

[13] mnu.Sm&. 3/77

 

[14] ya}vLKySm&it>, 1/41

[15] ramay[e AyaeXyaka{fe 119/ 34

[16] mnu 9 / 90

[17] ya} 1 / 13

[18] Position of women in hindu civilization p. 64 ,

[19] mnu.Sm&, 3/10

[20] mnu. Sm&. 3/21

[21] mnu.Sm&, 3/27

[22] mnu.Sm&, 3/37

[23] mnu.Sm&, 3/28

[24] mnu.Sm&, 3/38

[25] mnu.Sm&, 2/29

[26] mnu.Sm&, 3/38

[27] mnu.Sm&, 3/30

[28] mnu.Sm&, 3/31

 

[29] mnu.Sm&, 3/32

 

[30] mnu.Sm&, 3/32

[31] mnuSm&it>, 3/34