*Dr. Debabrata Panda

 

g-aRxans<Skar>[1]

s<iSyt #it s<Skar>, 'sm!' %psgpUvRk 'k|!' xatae> '"|!' Tyyen @v< "s<pir_ya< kraetaE -U;[e"[2] #it sUe -U;[aweR 'suq!' Tyye "s<Skar" zBd> in:p*te, Izbrpadmha-agen s<SkarzBdSy pir-a;a dIyte, ywa "s<Skarae nam s -vit yiSmate pdawaeR -vit yaeGy> kSyicdwRSy" #it, AEtvedaiNtnae s<Skarae nam gu[axanen va Syad! dae;apnyne va #it mNyNte, nEyaiyka> -avVyIkr[awRmaTmVyika< zimev s<Skar< mNyNte, yTpirg[n< vEzei;kdzRne ctuivR<zitgu[anamNtgRt< ktmaSte, kaizkav&ynusare[ "%Tk;Raxan< s<Skar>" #it tIyte, s<SkarkazNwanuusar< "AaTmzrIraNytrin:Qae ivihtiyajNyae=itzyivze;> s<Skar>" #it }ayte , AacayRcrkSy mte "s<Skarae ih gu[aNtraxanm!"[3] #it %Cyte",

g&sUaNtgRt> s<Skar>

za(a s<Skar> g&sUiv;yaNtgRt> -vit, pr<tu taip s<SkarzBd> vaStivkaweRn naepl_yte, pUvRmIma<sadzRne ywa s<SkarzBdSyawR> Vyviyte twEv g&sUe:vip aPyte ywa "p£-Uts<Skar>"[4] "paks<Skar>" #Tyaid, samaijkmnaeiv}ane y}Sy -av> Aixkae vtRte, At> te;a< s<Skara[a< g&hSy svRivixivxanana< vgIRkr[< ivivxe;u y}e;u ANtR-av< kuvRiNt g&sUkar>,[5] dEihks<SkarSyaNt-aRv> paky}e -vtIit baExayng&sUanusare[ }ayte,

 

 

 

s<

Aalayn g&sUm!

parSkr g&sUm!

baExayn g&sUm!

varah g&sUm!

vEoans g&sUm!

1

ivvah>

ivvah>

ivvah>

jatkmR>

\tusmnm!

2

g-aRxanm!

g-aRxanm!

g-aRxanm!

namkr[m!

g-aRxanm!

3

pu<svnm!

pu<svnm!

pu<svnm!

dNtaed!gmnm!

sImNtaeynm!

4

sImNtaeynm!

sImNtaeynm!

sImNtaeynm!

Aaznm!

iv:[ubil>

5

jatkmR

jatkmR

jatkmR

cUfakmR

jatkmR>

6

namkr[m!

namkr[m!

namkr[m!

%pnynm!

%Twanm!

7

cUfakmR

in:m[m!

%pin:m[m!

vedtaid>

namkr[m!

8

Aaznm!

Aaznm!

Aaznm!

gaedanm!

Aaznm!

9

%pnynm!

cUfakmR

cUfakmR

smavtRnm!

vasgmnm!

10

smavtRnm!

%pnynm!

k[Rvex>(g&ze;)

ivvah>

ip{fvxRnm!

11

ANTyei>

kezaNt>

%pnynm!

g-aRxanm!

caElkmR>

12

 

smavtRnm!

smavtRnm!

pu<svnm!

%pnynm!

13

 

ANTyei>

ipt&mex>

sImNtaeynm!

paray[m!

14

 

 

 

 

tivsgR>

15

 

 

 

 

%pakmR

16

 

 

 

 

%TsjRnm!

17

 

 

 

 

pai[h[m!

18

 

 

 

 

smavtRnm!

 

xmRsUdž(a s<SkarivmzR>

gaEtm xmRsUe cTvair<zt! s<Skara> AaE AaTmgu[a StUNyte, ywa

1.g-aRxanm! 2026. Aka, pavR[, a, av[I,

2.pu<svnm! Aahay[I, cEI, AayujI #it

3.sImNtaeynm! sPt paky} s<Swa>,

4.jatkmR 2733. AGNyaxeym!, AiGnhaem!, dzpaE[RmasaE,

5.namkr[m! catuRmaRSym!, Aahay[ei:q>,

6.Aaznm! inFpzubNx>, saemai[ #it

7.caElm! sPt hivyR}a>,

8.%pnynm! 3440.AiGnaem>,ATyiGnaem>,%Kw>,

912.cTvair ved tain ;aefzI, vajpey>, Aitra>,

13.Snanm! AaTpaEyaRim #it sPt seamy}s<Swa>,

14.shxmRcair[Is<yaeg>

1519.pmhay}>

s<Skary}yae> mXye ay> AwR-ed> n Zyte, s<Skar zBdSy yaeg> samaNyt> smSt xaimRk iyaweR Zyte, harIt> ah> "iivx> s<Skarae -vit, aae dEv, g-aRxanaid> SmataeR a,"[6] #it, Anen y}ana< smavez> dEv s<Skar pden twa mnu:ySy jIvnavsre iyma[> s<Skar> svaeR=ip a s<Skar pden c Vyviyte #it vy< tIm>,

Sm&it(a s<Skarv[Rnm!

Sm&it Nwanusar< s<SkarzBdVyvhara> xaimRk> kmaRnu:QanaweR Zyte, Anen kmaRnu:QanStu pavnTv< vaeXyte, keict! s<Skarse paky}aSy=ip %eo Zyte,

mnuna g-aRxanat! Aar_y ANTyei< yavt! yaedz s<Skar> vaeixta>,

1. g-aRxanm!

2.pu<svnm!

3.sImNtaeynm!

4. jatkmR

5.namxeym!

6. in:m[m!

7. Aaznm!

8. cUfakmR

9. %pnynm!!

10. kezaNt>

11. smavtRnm!

12. ivvah>

13. Zmzanm!

 

 

ya}vLKySm&taE kezaNts<Skar< Aphay pUvaeRKt s<Skar> SvIkt>, gaEtmSm&it> ctuRdz s<Skara> SvIkraeit,

VyasSm&taE vi[Rt> s<Skara> #me

1. g-aRxanm!

2.pu<svnm!

3.sImNtm!

4. jatkmR

5. namiya

6.in:m[m!!

7. Aaznm!

8. vpniya

9. k[Rvex>

10. tadez>

11. vedarM->

12. kezaNt>

13. Snanm!

14. %ah>

15 ivvahaiGnpirh>

16. etais<h>

g-aRxans<Skar>

mnu:ya[a< sMpU[R jIvn< s<SkarSy ]emiSt, At> jnnmip t ANtRgt< -vit, jnns<Skaradev ANye;a< s<Skara[a< Avkaz> l_yte, At@v bhUi-> \i;i-> g-aRxan s<SkarSy s<Skare;u v[Rnm! svRwm< ktmiSt, ipt& \[ Apakr[awR< jnn< kmR AvZyaepadeym! #it t t &it;u Sm&it;u c Uyte,

yen kmR[a pu;E> I;u SvvIy<R SwaPyte tt! g-Rxanimit %Cyte, tduKt< zbrSvaimna g-R> s<NxayRte yen kmR[a tt! g-Rxanimit AnugtawR< kmRnamxeym!,[7] #it, zaEnken Aip ikit! i-< ae< yt! ySy kmR[> pURye I pu;dzu< xaryit tt! g-aRxannaMna=i-xIyte #it,

"ini;ae yTyaege[ g-R> s<xayRte iya td! g-aRlM-n< nam kmR ae< mnIi;i->,"

vEidkmNdž(a g-aRxans<Skarv[Rnm!

vEidkkale puaidinim< awRnaidvcne ipt&mat&kv&Inam! Ai-Vyi> Zyte, ywa \Gvede

"ja< c x< iv[< c xm!" [8]

puasae y iptrae -viNt,[9] #Tyaid>,

puai> -gvt> @v danimit -vit, \[ye;u ipt& \[pirzaexnawR< sNtanla-> AavZyk #it t tEirIy s<ihtaya< vtRte jaymanae vE a[ii-> \[van! jayte cyeR[ \i;_yae y}en deve_y> jya ipt&_y>, @; va An&[ae y> puI yJva cair va SyI #it,[10] pu> "\[Cyut"[11] #it kWyte, yara pEt&k> twa AaiwRk \{yat! sMpU[R pe[ mu> -vit pu;> #it }ayte, At> sNtanaiPt> sveR;a< jnana< kte AavZykI twa jnnkmR pivktRVyimit }ayte, \Gvede Spmev shvasccaR smupl_yte,[12] AwvRvede @kiSmn! mNe g-aRxar[smye shvas inimi< Spmev ivvr[I< aPyte, ywa >

ta< pU;n! izvtmamerySv ySya< bIj< mnu:ya vpiNt,

ya n ^ %ztI ivyate ySyamuzNt> hram zepm!.[13]

b&hdar{ykaepin;id Aip aPyte ywa

"Aw yaimCDed!, g-R< dxIteit tSyamwR< in:Qay muoen muo< sNxayapNyai- a{yaidiNye[ te retsa ret AadxamIit gi-R{yev -vit," #it.[14]

sUǢNw(a g-aRxans<Skar v[Rnm!

g&sUe:vev g-aRxanaid s<SkarSy ivvr[< VyviSwttya Sppe[ wmtya aPyte, \tukal ;aefzray @v, tasu rai;u yuGmaya< raaE s<gm> kayR> #it svR< ivzd< sIitRtm!, AiSmn! iv;ye \tavev gNtVyimit pirs<OyaTven initm!, kecn pirs<Oya ivhay inymm! @v SvIkuvRiNt, g-aRxaniv;ye zae itwyae inita> zu-idnain n]ai[ Aip c initain, Ipu;yae> shvasivxanavsre iyma[< mNaear[mip vede;u %pl_yte, ywa

"AwEna< pir:vjit AhmiSm sa Tv< *aErh< p&WvI Tv< retae=h< retae-&t! Tvm! #it,"

%pyusmy>

g-aRxaniv;ye sveR;u xmRzae;u @kmt< daSyiNt, \tukale pI g-aRxar[ inim< zarIirkpe[ smwR -vit, mnunaip ;aefzrai> g-aRxanawR< %mkal #it kiwtm!, g-aRxaninim< rai> %pyu smy> n tu idva, AmavaSya, AmI, paE[RmasI, ctudRzI #Tyady> idvsa> shvasawR< vijRta>,

A Aah ya}vLKy>

";aefztuRinza> I[a< tiSmn! yuGmasu s<ivzet!,

cyeRv pvaR{ya*at vjRyet!," #it.[15]

ASyay< -av> I[a< g-Rxar[yaeGyavSwaepli]t> kal> \tu>, s c rjaedzRnidvsadar_y ;aefzahaeraa[I yavt! \tukala> iviz> ae>, tiSmn! \taE yuGmasu rai;u @v shvas< kayR>, A rai h[at! idvsit;ex>, AtEkiSmip \taE Aiti;asu yuGmasu svaRsu rai;u AvZy< gCDet!, @v< gCDn! cyeRv -vit, pvaR{ya*atStu vjRyet!, Atae=mavaSyadIin rjaedzRnadar_y ctae raI vjRyeidit,

A mnu> ah

\tu> Sva-aivk> I[a< ray> ;aefz Sm&ta>

ctui-RirtrE> saxRmhaei-> sigihRtE>, #it.[16]

tasama*atStu niNdtEkadzI c ya,

yaedzI c ze;aStu zSta dz ray>, #it c.[17]

A ;aefzana< raIna< \tukal v[Rnm! ya}vLKyvt! SvIkTy Aa*atae ray> @kadzI yaedzI c ;q! raIna< vjIRta #it s<sUCy Aviza> dzray> zSta> #it mnu> Spma Ai-dxait,

@v< AiGnpura[e=ip kWyte

;aefztuRinRza> I[ama*aiStStu gihRta,

je*uGmasu puawIR kmaRixkim:yte, #it.[18]

y> raaE SvpTnI< ink;a gCDit s> carI #it kWyte, idvas<-aegen A-a GyzalI>, zihIn> twa ALpayu> #it @v<p> sNtan> jayte,

@v< %ictkale y> %ict me[ shvas< aNpaeit s> carI @v -vit #it %pin;Tsu Aip vi[Rtm! AiSt, ywa aepin;id

a[a va @te SkNdiNt ye idva rTya s<yuJyNte,

cyRmev t*aae rTya s<yuJyNte, #it.[19]

@vmev shvaskmR vIrimaedys<Skarkazee=ip sUictm! AiSt, ywa

"natRve idva mEwunmjRyedLp-aGya> ALpvIyaR idva sUyNte=Lpayueit,"[20] #it,

A Apvada=ip Kvicd! Uytee, ywa Aah Vyas>

An&taE v&tukale v idva raaE vwaip va

aei;tStu iy< gCDeTayiI -ve c, #it.[21]

y> aei;t> pit> Awva pNTya> p&wk! vsit Awva ySy piTn< kamuka iv*te te;a< kte Ay< inym> n yu>, #it Vyas> Ai-Eit, @v< kwmip Iy> sur]Ita> ssNtae;< -veyu> twa ta> sMpadnIya>,

"yaSmaSmaiTy> seVya> ktRVya suri]ta>, #Tyumnuvcnanusar< pUvaeR shvas inymanam! Apvadae=ip Uyte,

raaE Aip pUvR rai> %mkal #it kWyte, baexayn> Ai-Eit yt! "\tukalat! Aar_y ;aefzraI< yavt! g-aRxaninim< s<-aeg> kayR>, t AiNtmrai> iviz:yte,[22] pUvRraaE ktSy g-aRxanSy sNtan> bhu -aGyvan! gu[sMp -vit, ctuwR raaE yid g-Rxar[< -vit tt> s> pu> ALpayu> twa xnhIn> -vit, pmraaE IsNtit< %Tpadyit, ;:QraaE %dasIn> jayte, sPtmraaE jata kNya bNXya -vit, nvmraaE zU-kNya jayte, dzmraaE pu> e:Q pu;> -vit, yaedzraaE k&tSy kNya Vyi-cairi[ -iv:yit, ctudRzraaE ktSy g-aRxanSy pu> xaimRk>, kt}>, s<ymI, Fit}azIl -vit, pdzraaE ktSy g-aRxanSy kNya< bhupua[a< mata -vit, ;aefzraaE pu> ivan!, e:Q>, sTyvadI>, ijteiNy -vit,[23] \tukalSy ivkit me[ %raer< idn< zSt< -vit #it Sm&itkara[amazya> #it ASmai-> ^ihtu< zKyte, g-aRxanSy raikalm! Ai-ly jaymanaya> sNtte> Ipu; -ed il in[Ryae=ip Sm&itkarE> kt> iv*te, ywa

yuGmasu pUa jayNte iyae=yuGmasu rai;u,[24]

@v< Ipu;yae> zu rjsae> maam! Ai-ly sNtte> il-ed> vi[Rt> Zyte,

ywa Aah mnu>

 

pumaNpu<sae=ixke zue I -vTyixke iya>,

sme=pumaNpu<iyaE va ]I[e=Lpe c ivpyRy>, #it.[25]

@v< sit @tazan! inyman! y s<-aeg inim< %"n< -vit s c pu;> nrkgamI -vit #Tyip Uyte, ywa iv:[upura[e

pvaR{yetain rajeN rivs<aiNtrev c,

tElIma<s-aegI pvRSvete;u y> puman!,

iv{mU-aejn< nam nrk< itp*te, #it.[26]

mnu=ip @kadzI yaedzI rjae dzRnat! Aa*a> ct> raya> ini;a> #it dzRyit, ywa

tasama*tStu iniNdtEkadzI c ya,

yaedzI c ze;aStu zSta dz ray>, #it.[27]

@tt!s<Skarkt&Riv;ykivvecnm!

Ay< s<Skar> k> kraeit, ay> pit> @v Sv-avt> s<SkarktaR #Ty naiSt s<zy>, prNtu y inyaeg waya> yiSmn! kale car> AasIt! t ktuR> ivvecn< ktmiSt, ywa ivxva I sNtan inim< SvkIy< devr< AamNyit #it \Gvede Uyte, ywa "kae va zyua ivxvev devr< myR< n ye;a v&[ute sxSw Aa, #it."[28]

@v< mnurip Aah

devraa sip{faa iya sMy'!inyuya,

jeiPstaixgNtVya s<NtanSy pir]ye, #it.[29]

ASy Ay< -av> s<tana-ave iya pitgue:Qjnaid inyuya devradNySmaa sip{fayma[x&taaidinymvTpu;gmnenea> ja %TpadiytVya>, $iPsteTyi-xanm! ApuaeTpaE pungRmnawRm!,

@v< ya}vLKy Aip ah

Apua< guvRnu}atae devr> pukaMyya,

sip{fae va sgaeae va x&ta_y \taivyat!, #it.[30]

g-aRxans<SkarSy yaejnm!

acInkale s<Skara[a< blVyvhar> AasIt!, prNtu Aaxuinkkale s<Skara[a< iSwit> mz> pirvtRte, yiSmn! kmRi[ pu;> SIyaenaE AwaRt! ]ee SvbIjSwapn< kraeit tdev kmR g-aRxannaa pircIyte, #d< kmR xaimRkkTy< -vit, n tu A:qmpUvR< va, prNtu @k< ywawR< ayaeigk< kmR, saeeZy< s<Skt< c ktuRmy< s<Skar> iyte, in;ekaid> ijNmana< twa in;eka*a> ZmzanaNta> #it vcnsmUhen s<SkarSyaSy awMy< SvIkraeit, At> Sm&itkarErip ASy s<SkarSy awMy< SvIiyte, AiSmn! g-aRxan< kmRi[ namanusar< )lmip aPyte, masanusar< )lmip -vit,

ywa cEe tu wmaER SyaarI vExVy-aignI,

vEzaoe xnpuaF(a Jye:Qe raegaiNvta twa.

zucaE m&tja aea av[e xnxaNyda,

^jeR Tvayu:mtI narI magRzI;eR bja.

paE;e c pu<la narI ma"e pusuoaiNvta,

)aLgune ImtI saXvI maNmas)l< Sm&tm!.

Sm&taE p])l< itpaidtm!, ywa

zuKlp]e suzIla Syat! k:[e sa kulqa -vet!,

k:[Sy dzmI< yavNmXym< )lmaidzet!.

Sm&taE itiw)l< itpaidtm!, ywa

wmaya< pit< hint itIyay< suo< -vet!,

t&tIyaya< iyE Sya ctuWyaR< v&;lI -vet!.

pMya< pula- ;:Q(a< cairyiviya,

sMya< puv&i> Syad:qMya< sutnaznm!.

nvMya< dtI inTy< dzMya< xmRzIilnI,

@kadZya< pitiSnGxa adZya< NdtI -vet!.

yaedZya< manxna capra bdae;kt!,

pvR{yNyg&hIta Syad! iv*adev< itiwvRzat!.

Sm&taE pUvaRaid)l< itpaidtm!, ywa

zu-< cEv tu pUvaRe mXyae mXym< )lm!,

Aprae tu vExVy< pUvRrae zu-< -vet!.

mXyrae tu mXy< syat! prrae=zu-aiNvta,

itwIna< )lmev< ih vara[a< )lmuCyte.

Sm&taE var)l< itpaidtm!, ywa

-anuvare -ved! Vyaix> cNvare pitta,

braega bKleza pithIna kuje idne.

bpuvtI saEMye svRsMpd! guraeidRne,

saE-aGye suosMpi> zuvare pitta.

k:qv&imRhaVyaix> SvymwRSy caeir[I,

mNdvare ivnaz> Syat! wmaER rjSvla. [31]

td!rITya idvs)lm![32], n])lm! #Tyady> Sm&taE itpaidtm!,

%ps<har>

s<SkarE> jnana< }an]mta xmRicna< ivkas sM-vt>, s<SkarE> jna> s<Skta> -viNt, s<Skta> jna> smajinim< dIpizoaszm!, #danI< smaje s<SkarSy sa Anuidn< ste, pun> Aymev g-aRxans<Skar> wm> iyte, yid AiSmn! g-aRxans<Skare Aa*s<Skare @taza> inyma> pirpalnawR< vtRNte, @v< tSy Akr[e kw< va yaeGysNtanSy Ape]a -vet!, @v< A*tnsmaje Aaxuinksmaje jna> g-aRxans<Skar< ivnEv sNtan< jnyiNt, At> sNtana> buihIna>, }anrihta>, maniskivkarSta pirlyNte, At> g-aRxans<Skar< ivixyuen nanu:QIyte @vmNye;a< s<Skara[a< cln< safMbr< pirZyte Anuidn< paLyte cet! tSy kae la->? s<Skar> manvjIvn< s<Skraeit, VyiTvSy ivkas< kraeit, piv< mhv< c pirkazyit, mnu:ySy AaXyaiTmkmhv< gitzIl< kraeit, sa<sairkjiqltaya< jIvn< srl< mnaehr< sanNd< c kraeit, mnis %Tk:qicNtaxaraya> vah> -vit, At> manvsmajSy %Tk;RtayE ASy Aa*s<SkarSy g-aRxans<SkarSy tvavbaexn< sMygnu:Qan< c ATyNtmpirhayR< mNyte,

 

 

NwsUcI

1 mnuSm&it>, AacayR jgdIzlal zaI, maeitlal bnarsIdas, 1983,

2 ya}vLKySm&it>, t.g[pitzai, muNzIram mnaehrlal piBlzsR, 1982,

3 ihNdUs<Skar, fa~.rajblI pa{fey, caEomba iv*a-vn, var[asI, 1985,

4 AadzSm&it, p<.imihr cN, nag kazk, 1990,

5 AwvRved, @s.pI. pi{ft, bMb$, 1895 98

6 \Gved, Aar.qI. @c!. ii)w, caEomba iv*a-vn, var[asI, 1896 97

7 parSkrg&hsU, fa~. Gaepal zaI nene, caEoMba s<Skt sIrIj, bnars, 1926

8 gaei-lg&sU, gaepal zaI nene, caEoMba s<Skt sIrIj, bnars, 1923

9 oadIrg&sU, @. mhadev zaI, mEsUr, 1913

10 AapStMb g&sU, fa~.%mezcNpa{fey, caEoMba iv*a-vn, var[asI,

11 baexayn g&sU, Aar. zamzaI, mEsUr, 1920

12 vIrimaedy s<Skarkaz, imim, caEoMba s<Skt sIrIj, bnars,

13 jEimnI g&sU, Iinvas, caEoMba s<Skt sIrIj, bnars, 1926

14 History Of Dharmasastra Vol. 1, Part. 1, Panduranga Vaman Kane, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Poona, 1968.

 

* Dr. Debabrata Panda

C/O- Dr. K.E.Dharaneedharan

Dept. of Sanskrit

Pondicherry University

Pondicherry 605014

Email sanskritdev@yahoo.co.in

Mobile- 09944064575

 



[1]Dr. Debabrata Panda, Dept. of Sanskrit, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry-14, Mobile-09944064575, Email sanskritdev@yahoo.co.in

[2] pai[nI 6/1/137

[3] crks<ihta, ivman. 1/27

[4] Aa.g&.sU, 1.3.1, pa.g&.sU. 1.1.2, gae.g&.sU

[5] o.g&.sU, 1.2.9, pa.g&.sU, 1.41,Aa.g&.sU,1.1.2

[6] ha.x.sU

[7] pUvRmIma<sa,AXyay 1 ,pad 4, Aix.2

[8] \ved. 8.35 .10

[9] \Gved. 1/89/9

[10] tEirIy s<ihta , 6.3.10.5

[11] \Gved 10/184/

[12] \Gved. 10/184

[13] \Gved. 10/85/37

[14] v&hdar{ykaepin;d! 6/4/10

[15] ya}.1/78

 

[16] mnu.3/46

[17] mnu.3/47

[18] AiGnpura[,AXyay 153/1.2

[19] aepin;d 1.13

[20] vI. mI. s. -ag 1

[21] Vyas

[22] bae.g&.sU. 1/7/47

[23] Vyas, vI.im.s<.-a, -ag 1

[24] mnuSm&it>, 3/48

[25] mnuSm&it>, 3/49

[26] iv:[upura[, vI.im.s<. -ag 1

[27] mnu 3/47

[28] \Gved 10/40/2

[29] mnu. 1/59

[30] ya}. 1/ 68

[31] vI.im.s<.. p&. 144 146

[32] vI.im.s<.. p&. 147